The List of Social Entrepreneurship Models

Social entrepreneurship corresponds to the development of businesses that are responsive to social issues, and whose impact contributes to social change in general. For this purpose, the social entrepreneurship models facilitate the efficient operation of businesses, while balancing the dimensions of providing value for clients; profitable activity; and serving a noble cause.

The 9 types of social entrepreneurship models

Wolfgang Grassi categorized social entrepreneurship in 9 models and this categorization resulted to the following list:

Entrepreneur Support:

The entrepreneur support represents the model of direct cooperation with businesses of a specific target group. Specifically, it operates in a supportive way through provision of consulting; training; technical assistance, among others.

Market intermediary:

In this case, the business assists its customers through the provision of marketing services and selling as well.


This business model is active in the employment spectrum with the provision of training and opportunities jobwise.


In the fee-for-service model, there is a direct additional charge intended for the support of a certain cause.

Low-income Client:

In the low-income client type, the businesses orient to certain types of customers and to clients that meet low-income criteria.


In the case of the cooperative model, we refer to the type that operates as a fee-based collective. In other words, we refer to paid memberships for the provision of services.

Market Linkage:

Furthermore, there is the market linkage model that functions as the medium link that interconnects clients with the corresponding markets.

Service subsidization:

In the service subsidization model, the internal operations of businesses are being associated with external activities of social context.

Organizational Support:

In the organizational support model, where the entrepreneurial activity is directly providing funding support to social programs.

Finally, for the social entrepreneurship models categorization, W. Grassi identified the parameters of companies’ mission; the 3 types of integration; and the target group.

The M.O.T.H.E.R. mission

The M.O.T.H.E.R. consortium intends to promote entrepreneurship to youth populations in Europe. In particular, the project design foresees the creation of a platform that deploys the benefits of training, mobility, and cooperation opportunities.

Discover M.O.T.H.E.R. in the official website of the project.

Author: Katerina Pariza – iED Team

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